An AITFL sprain / syndesmosis sprain (or high ankle sprain) is an injury to the ligamentous tissue that lies between the distal fibula and the distal tibia (the two leg bones).
A complete Achilles tendon rupture commonly occurs in athletes aged between 30 and 40 and is 10 times more likely to occur in male athletes.
An ankle sprain occurs when the foot is forcefully twisted or rolled to one side (inward or outward). This most commonly occurs with the foot rolling inward, resulting in damage to the ligaments on the outer side of the ankle. These ligaments become overstretched and may tear.
Anterior ankle impingement (anterior tibio-talar impingement) is a condition where soft tissue or bony tissue is trapped between the tibia (shin bone) and talus bone during dorsiflexion at the ankle (pointing foot up).